The Heller School For Social Policty And Management The Heller School For Social Policy and Management Brandeis University
Metropolitan Power Diffusion Index
Year: 2002; Ordered: by value; Region: 100 Largest MSAs

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Scale Range: 1.0 – 22.1

  Value Scale
1: Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI 22.1 Barchart image
2: New York-Newark-Edison, NY-NJ-PA 16.3 Barchart image
3: Pittsburgh, PA 16.1 Barchart image
4: Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 15.2 Barchart image
5: St. Louis, MO-IL 14.9 Barchart image
6: Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH 13.4 Barchart image
7: Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 12.6 Barchart image
8: Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA 11.7 Barchart image
9: Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI 11.5 Barchart image
10: Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 11.3 Barchart image
11: Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 11.3 Barchart image
12: Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX 10.9 Barchart image
13: Kansas City, MO-KS 10.9 Barchart image
14: San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA 10.7 Barchart image
15: Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 10.6 Barchart image
16: Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 10.4 Barchart image
17: Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 9.9 Barchart image
18: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 9.7 Barchart image
19: Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 9.5 Barchart image
20: Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 9.5 Barchart image
21: Indianapolis, IN 9.4 Barchart image
22: Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA 9.2 Barchart image
23: Rochester, NY 8.9 Barchart image
24: Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA 8.9 Barchart image
25: Columbus, OH 8.8 Barchart image
26: Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 8.7 Barchart image
27: Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA 8.5 Barchart image
28: Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY 8.3 Barchart image
29: Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 8.3 Barchart image
30: Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 8.2 Barchart image
31: Denver-Aurora, CO 8.2 Barchart image
32: Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA 8.0 Barchart image
33: Worcester, MA 7.9 Barchart image
34: Dayton, OH 7.8 Barchart image
35: Madison, WI 7.8 Barchart image
36: Tulsa, OK 7.7 Barchart image
37: Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 7.7 Barchart image
38: Lancaster, PA 7.7 Barchart image
39: Oklahoma City, OK 7.6 Barchart image
40: Syracuse, NY 7.5 Barchart image
41: Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 7.5 Barchart image
42: Louisville, KY-IN 7.5 Barchart image
43: Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 7.3 Barchart image
44: Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 7.2 Barchart image
45: Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Tonawanda, NY 7.2 Barchart image
46: San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 7.2 Barchart image
47: Springfield, MA 7.1 Barchart image
48: Bakersfield, CA 7.1 Barchart image
49: Wichita, KS 6.9 Barchart image
50: Toledo, OH 6.7 Barchart image
51: Akron, OH 6.5 Barchart image
52: San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 6.4 Barchart image
53: Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL 6.3 Barchart image
54: Fresno, CA 6.2 Barchart image
55: Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR 6.0 Barchart image
56: Des Moines, IA 6.0 Barchart image
57: Birmingham-Hoover, AL 6.0 Barchart image
58: Austin-Round Rock, TX 5.9 Barchart image
59: San Antonio, TX 5.8 Barchart image
60: Boise City-Nampa, ID 5.5 Barchart image
61: Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 5.5 Barchart image
62: Salt Lake City, UT 5.3 Barchart image
63: Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 5.3 Barchart image
64: Modesto, CA 5.3 Barchart image
65: Ogden-Clearfield, UT 5.2 Barchart image
66: Orlando, FL 5.2 Barchart image
67: Jackson, MS 5.1 Barchart image
68: Stockton, CA 5.0 Barchart image
69: New Haven-Milford, CT 4.9 Barchart image
70: Columbia, SC 4.9 Barchart image
71: Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 4.9 Barchart image
72: McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX 4.9 Barchart image
73: Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 4.9 Barchart image
74: Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN 4.8 Barchart image
75: Provo-Orem, UT 4.5 Barchart image
76: Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 4.5 Barchart image
77: Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC 4.4 Barchart image
78: Charleston-North Charleston, SC 4.3 Barchart image
79: Greenville, SC 4.3 Barchart image
80: Colorado Springs, CO 4.2 Barchart image
81: Baton Rouge, LA 4.1 Barchart image
82: Knoxville, TN 4.1 Barchart image
83: Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 4.0 Barchart image
84: New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA 3.9 Barchart image
85: Chattanooga, TN-GA 3.9 Barchart image
86: Richmond, VA 3.9 Barchart image
87: Raleigh-Cary, NC 3.9 Barchart image
88: Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL 3.8 Barchart image
89: Memphis, TN-MS-AR 3.7 Barchart image
90: Albuquerque, NM 3.7 Barchart image
91: Tucson, AZ 3.5 Barchart image
92: Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL 3.4 Barchart image
93: El Paso, TX 3.4 Barchart image
94: Jacksonville, FL 3.4 Barchart image
95: Greensboro-High Point, NC 3.3 Barchart image
96: Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 3.2 Barchart image
97: Baltimore-Towson, MD 3.1 Barchart image
98: Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL 2.8 Barchart image
99: Las Vegas-Paradise, NV 2.7 Barchart image
100: Honolulu, HI 1.0 Barchart image

Definition: The Metropolitan Power Diffusion Index (MPDI) measures the extent to which power is concentrated or diffused among governments within a metro area. Higher indices reflect more deconcentrated power, where power is proxied by local government expeditures.

Notes: The MPDI is calculated as the sum of the square roots of the percentage contribution of each government in the metro area, where the percentage contribution refers to each government's share of the metro area's total government expenditures.

Source: Dr. David Y. Miller, University of Pittsburgh, analysis of U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Census of Governments, 2002.