The Heller School For Social Policty And Management The Heller School For Social Policy and Management Brandeis University
Segregation of Public Primary School Students, Black Students' Exposure by Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2010-2011; Race/Ethnicity: Non-Hispanic Black---Non-Hispanic White; Region: 100 Largest MSAs

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Segregation of Public Primary School Students, Black Students' Exposure by Race/Ethnicity
Year: 2010-2011; Race/Ethnicity: Non-Hispanic Black---Non-Hispanic White; Ordered: alphabetically
Metro Area Value
Akron, OH 33.8%
Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY 33.0%
Albuquerque, NM 27.2%
Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ 44.3%
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, GA 18.1%
Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC 28.3%
Austin-Round Rock, TX 22.9%
Bakersfield, CA 21.9%
Baltimore-Towson, MD 16.5%
Baton Rouge, LA 19.8%
Birmingham-Hoover, AL 19.2%
Boise City-Nampa, ID 73.7%
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA-NH 29.8%
Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT 22.8%
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Tonawanda, NY 23.1%
Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL 30.1%
Charleston-North Charleston, SC 33.0%
Charlotte-Gastonia-Concord, NC-SC 28.4%
Chattanooga, TN-GA 31.2%
Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL-IN-WI 9.5%
Cincinnati-Middletown, OH-KY-IN 31.8%
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 14.7%
Colorado Springs, CO 47.9%
Columbia, SC 25.9%
Columbus, OH 29.2%
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX 19.5%
Dayton, OH 24.6%
Denver-Aurora, CO 27.4%
Des Moines, IA 47.0%
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI 15.7%
El Paso, TX 15.7%
Fresno, CA 16.5%
Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI 26.7%
Greensboro-High Point, NC 27.2%
Greenville, SC 49.8%
Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA 23.3%
Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT 27.1%
Honolulu, HI 28.9%
Houston-Baytown-Sugar Land, TX 13.1%
Indianapolis, IN 25.6%
Jackson, MS 15.5%
Jacksonville, FL 30.9%
Kansas City, MO-KS 30.8%
Knoxville, TN 53.7%
Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL 42.4%
Lancaster, PA 44.8%
Las Vegas-Paradise, NV 24.6%
Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR 28.9%
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA 11.3%
Louisville, KY-IN 45.1%
Madison, WI 50.5%
McAllen-Edinburg-Pharr, TX 3.9%
Memphis, TN-MS-AR 13.8%
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach, FL 10.7%
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 14.2%
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 34.7%
Modesto, CA 30.4%
Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN 36.1%
New Haven-Milford, CT 23.2%
New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA 16.9%
New York-Newark-Edison, NY-NJ-PA 10.8%
Ogden-Clearfield, UT 74.5%
Oklahoma City, OK 32.8%
Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA 34.7%
Orlando, FL 24.6%
Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA 33.7%
Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL 48.1%
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD 18.2%
Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ 34.2%
Pittsburgh, PA 37.1%
Portland-Vancouver-Beaverton, OR-WA 42.9%
Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, NY 39.6%
Providence-New Bedford-Fall River, RI-MA 41.1%
Provo-Orem, UT 83.4%
Raleigh-Cary, NC 39.8%
Richmond, VA 25.2%
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA 18.9%
Rochester, NY 23.1%
Sacramento-Arden-Arcade-Roseville, CA 24.1%
Salt Lake City, UT 53.5%
San Antonio, TX 18.3%
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, CA 20.8%
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, CA 15.2%
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA 20.5%
Sarasota-Bradenton-Venice, FL 38.1%
Scranton-Wilkes-Barre, PA 65.2%
Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA 39.0%
Springfield, MA 24.0%
St. Louis, MO-IL 22.5%
Stockton, CA 19.0%
Syracuse, NY 30.5%
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 29.4%
Toledo, OH 29.6%
Tucson, AZ 36.7%
Tulsa, OK 28.3%
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC 27.2%
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV 15.0%
Wichita, KS 33.4%
Worcester, MA 42.3%
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 29.5%

Definition: Exposure is a segregation measure referring to the degree of potential contact, or the possibility of interaction, between group members of two racial groups. For instance, a black-white exposure index of 60% signifies that the average black child in the metro area attends a school which is 60% white. Higher values (closer to 100%) indicate higher exposure of the first group to the second group. Exposure to ones own group is also termed the "isolation index." 

Notes: Primary schools defined as those with lowest grade of "Pre-K" through 3 and highest grade of "Pre-K" through 8.  Indices in metro areas with small numbers of specified racial/ethnic groups should be used with caution.  Data for 1999-2001 geocoded from zip codes to metropolitan areas.    Excludes metro areas in which 10% or more of students attended schools for which race/ethnicity data was not reported. Pre-K students not included for metros in the following states in the specified years:  1999-2000: AL, CA, KY, WY.   2000-2001: AL, CA, KY, WY, TN.   2007-2008: CA, MI, SD.  2010-2011:  CA, OR, MI.  Data for multi-racial students only collected for all states as of 2010-2011.

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data. Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey.